When you buy American Gold Eagles, you buy a piece of history. The coins proudly display America's icon of liberty, Lady Liberty, in a design that goes back to Augustus Saint-Gaudens original 1907 design of the Saint Gaudens Double Eagles. The Gold Eagles durability, especially scratch resistance, is another feature that endears them to investors.
Gold Eagles are made out of 22 karat gold, so they are 91.67% pure. They are alloyed with 3% silver and 5.33% copper which makes them more durable than the softer 24 karat gold coins. By law, the gold that is used to mint American Gold Eagles must have been mined in the United States. The American government guarantees the weight, metal content and purity of American Gold Eagles. American investors can include the coins in their Individual Retirement Accounts (IRA's).
The US Mint produces American Gold Eagles in four different denominations from 1 oz to 1/10 oz with both brilliant uncirculated and proof finishes. The coins have the status of legal tender in the US. From 2006 to 2008, a limited number of American Gold Eagles with a burnished finish was minted in the four denominations as well. These burnished coins have a matte-like appearance (which limits light glare) and bear the "W" mint mark for the West Point Mint (proof coins bear the same mint mark). Burnished American Gold Eagles are minted again since 2011 but only as 1 oz coins.
|Weight||Face Value||Purity||Diameter x Thickness|
|1 oz||US $ 50||91.67%||32.70 x 2.87 mm|
|1/2 oz||US $ 25||91.67%||27 x 2.24 mm|
|1/4 oz||US $ 10||91.67%||22 x 1.83 mm|
|1/10 oz||US $ 5||91.67%||16.50 x 1.19 mm|
The sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens created the design on the obverse side of the coin. This design featuring Lady Liberty goes back to the historic Saint Gaudens Gold Double Eagle, that was minted in the early 1900's. Lady Liberty's depiction with flowing hair, holding a torch in her right hand and an olive branch in her left strongly resembles ancient Greek and Roman coins. Furthermore, the US Capitol building is depicted in the left background and the obverse side also shows the year the coin was minted.
The reverse side of the American Gold Eagle was designed by the sculptor Miley Busiek (now named Miley Tucker-Frost after marriage). Eagles are the official bird of the USA and her design features a male eagle with an olive branch in his talons above a nest with a female eagle and her hatchlings. The reverse side is also inscribed with the words “E Pluribus Unum” and “In God We Trust” as well as the weight and face value of the coin. The designs on the obverse and reverse of the American Gold Eagles are entirely different from those on the American Silver Eagles and American Platinum Eagles.
During the 1970's and 1980's, the gold coin market was dominated by the South African Krugerrand (90% of the global gold coin market at that time) which wasn't widely available in Western countries due to import restrictions that were a part of Apartheid sanctions.
The American president Ronald Reagan signed the Gold Bullion Coin Act in 1985 that authorized the minting of the American Gold Eagle exclusively from gold mined in the USA. The United States Mint started production of the coins in the four different denominations the following year and already sold more than 3.6 million coins.
Until 1991, American Gold Eagles were dated with Roman numerals. Since 1992, the coins have the year of mintage engraved in Arabic numbers on the obverse side.
In general, more 1 oz American Gold Eagle coins are minted than smaller denomination coins. Production of the 1 oz coins varied between 140.016 coins in 2007 (143.605 coins in 2001 was the second lowest mintage) and 1.505.026 coins in 1999.
However, actual mintage of 1/10 oz American Gold Eagles exceeded the mintage of the 1 oz coins in the years 1995 - 1996, 1999 - 2002, 2006 -2007 and 2014. In 1999, a staggering 2.750.338 American Gold Eagles of 1/10 oz were struck, by far the highest annual mintage of any of the four different denominations.
The US Mint produces the American Silver Eagles since 1986. The coins are minted out of 99.9% fine silver and are offered with brilliant uncirculated, proof (no proof coins in 2009) and burnished uncirculated (2006 - 2008 and since 2011) finishes. Whereas the gold version of the coins is minted in four different denominations, Silver Eagles exist only as 1 oz coins. Another unusual feature for bullion coins is that the silver coins bear a totally different design (on both sides!) than their gold counterparts. The obverse side of the coins uses Adolph A. Weinman's famous "Walking Liberty" design that depicts Lady Liberty in stride towards the rising sun.
The American Silver Eagle page gives more information about the coins and allows you to compare current prices.
The US Mint produces the American Platinum Eagles since 1997. The coins are minted out of 99.95% fine platinum in the sizes of 1 oz (US $ 100 face value), 1/2 oz (US $ 50), 1/4 oz (US $ 25) and 1/10 oz (US $ 10). Buyers can choose between brilliant uncirculated and proof coins with the latter bearing the mint mark W for the West Point branch of the US Mint. Lady Liberty is portrayed in close-up on the obverse side of the coins and an eagle in flight is shown on the reverse. However, proof coins display a different unique reverse design each year. Burnished uncirculated coins (also with the W mint mark) were minted between 2006 and 2008 and displayed the same reverse design as the proof coins in these years.
The American Platinum Eagle page gives more information about the coins and allows you to compare current prices.
|Weight||Face Value||Diameter x Thickness|
|1 oz||US $ 20||27 x 4 mm|
final mintage: 115,178 coins
The ultra high-relief American Double Eagle coins that were issued in 2009 are designed almost exactly like the Saint Gaudens Double Eagles. The only two differences concern the displayed date and the number of stars around the edge. All the 2009 Double Eagles have the date engraved in Roman numerals whereas only the first 12,367 Saint Gaudens Double Eagles that were minted in 1907 display the date in this way. Furthermore, the 2009 Double Eagles have 50 stars around the coin's edge whereas the Saint Gaudens Double Eagles displayed 46 stars from 1907 until 1911 and 48 stars thereafter.
total gold weight: 0.85 oz
total silver weight: 1.7734 oz
This unique set contains 5 proof coins that were issued by the Philadelphia branch of the US Mint: the American Gold Eagles in the 1/10 oz, 1/4 oz and 1/2 oz denomination, the 1 oz American Silver Eagle and the U.S. Mint Philadelphia Bicentennial Medal.
total gold weight: 1.85 oz
total silver weight: 1 oz
The 10th Anniversary Set is composed of 5 proof coins by the West Point branch of the US Mint: the American Gold Eagles in all its 4 sizes (1 oz, 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz, 1/10 oz) plus the rare 1995-W 1 oz American Silver Eagle (only 30,125 coins minted with W mintmark).
total gold weight: 1 oz
total silver weight: 1 oz
total platinum weight: 1 oz
The Impressions of Liberty Set contains the 3 proof American Eagles in gold, silver and platinum, all in the 1 oz denomination. The coins are mintmarked with the W for the West Point branch of the US Mint.
3 coin Gold Set:
1 oz uncirculated & proof & reverse proof Gold Eagle
2 coin Gold & Silver Set:
1 oz uncirculated Gold & Silver Eagle
3 coin Silver Set:
1 oz uncirculated & proof & reverse proof Silver Eagle
total gold weight: 1 oz
The Double Prosperity Set is made up of the burnished 1/2 oz American Gold Eagle and the uncirculated 1/2 oz American Gold Buffalo coin. Both coins bear the W mint mark for the West Point branch of the US Mint. The set commemorates the auspicious date of August 8th 2008 (8-8-08).