Mexican Gold Libertad Coins

gold coin iconflag of Mexico icon Gold Libertads - inspired by the iconic Centenario gold coins

Mexican Gold Libertads are minted by the oldest mint in North America. The Mexican Mint produces them since 1981 but their iconic design that shows the Angel of Independence actually goes back to the historic 50 Peso Gold Centenario coins. The Mexican Gold Libertad coins are minted out of much purer gold though - 99.9% - than their historic predecessors.

The coins are offered with brilliant uncirculated and proof finishes in the denominations of 1 oz, 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz, 1/10 oz and 1/20 oz. Unlike most other contemporary gold bullion coins, Mexican Gold Libertads don't have an official face value. Annual mintages are generally quite low compared with other contemporary gold bullion coins.

The gold purity and weight of each Gold Libertad coin is guaranteed by Banco de México. Even though the coins don't have an official face value, they have legal tender status in Mexico with their value tied to the current spot price of gold. The coins are eligible to be included in a precious metals IRA.

obverse side of the 2014 issue of the brilliant uncirculated 1 oz Mexican Gold Libertad coin
reverse side of the 2014 issue of the brilliant uncirculated 1 oz Mexican Gold Libertad coin

Coin Specifications

Weight Purity Diameter x Thickness
1 oz 99.9% 34.5 x 2.1 mm
1/2 oz 99.9% 29 x 1.75 mm
1/4 oz 99.9% 23 x 1.4 mm
1/10 oz 99.9% 16 x 1.0 mm
1/20 oz 99.9% 13 x 0.83 mm

Design

The coin's obverse side depicts "El Ángel de la Independencia" (eng: The Angel of Independence) with a laurel wreath in her right hand and broken chains in her left. "El Ángel de la Independencia" (a.k.a. "Monumento a la Independencia") is a victory column in downtown Mexico City. The coin's weight, gold purity and year of mintage are engraved along with the word "Mexico" and the official mint mark.

old obverse side design of the Mexican Gold Libertad coins until 1994reverse side design of the Mexican Gold Libertad coins until 1994, still used on the fractional coins today
Since the year 2000, the obverse bears a slightly different design in which the angel faces sideways and the engraving of "Mexico" is omitted. The two famous Mexican volcanoes Popocatepetl and Iztaccíhuatl are depicted in both versions in the background.

The coin's reverse side depicts a rendering of Mexico's coat of arms with an eagle perched on top of a prickly pear cactus holding a serpent in its talons and beak. “Estados Unidos Mexicanos” is inscribed along the coin's upper edge. Since 2000, only the 1 oz coin depicts the official Mexican coat of arms surrounded by 10 additional historical coats of arms.

History

The Mexican Mint ("Casa de Moneda de México") first produced the Gold Libertad coins for only one year in 1981 in the denominations of 1 oz, 1/2 oz and 1/4 oz. A limited number of proof coins were minted in 1983 and 1989. The 1/10 oz and 1/20 oz coins were added to the series in 1991 when production of brilliant uncirculated Mexican Gold Libertads briefly resumed for a few years. Production of Gold Libertad coins completely ceased between 1995 and 1999.

The Gold Libertad coins made a comeback in the year 2000 with a slightly altered design. Since then, the angel faces sideways on the obverse side and the reverse side of the 1 oz coin depicts the official Mexican coat of arms in the middle of 10 historical coats of arms. Mintage was then again interrupted in 2001 for a last time. The brilliant uncirculated coins are minted without interruption since 2002 in all five denominations.

With the exception of 2012, Mexican Gold Libertad proof coins are made annually for every denomination since 2005 (plus 1.000 coins of 1/4 oz in 2004), albeit in much lower mintages than brilliant uncirculated coins.

Mintages

By far the largest number of Mexican Gold Libertad coins was minted in 1981. The year with the lowest mintage of Mexican Gold Libertad coins with the original design of the obverse side was 1994 when only 1.000 coins of the 1 oz denomination were produced. The lowest mintage of Mexican Gold Libertads with the new design was 2003. Only 300 coins of 1 oz were minted that year.

obverse side of the 2017 issue of the brilliant uncirculated 1 oz Mexican Silver Libertad coin
reverse side of the 2017 issue of the brilliant uncirculated 1 oz Mexican Silver Libertad coin

Mexican Silver Libertads

The Mexican Silver Libertad coins are struck out of 99.9% fine silver since 1982 by the Casa de Moneda de México. The coins bear the same design of the Angel of Independence as the Gold Libertad coins. That design originated with the historic 50 Peso Gold Centenario coins. The Silver Libertads exist in many different sizes ranging from 1/20 oz all the way up to 1 kg. The coins don't have an official face value but are nevertheless legal tender in Mexico. Both brilliant uncirculated and proof coins are available. The 1 kg Mexican Silver Libertads are available with a proof-like finish. Proof coins make up an unusually large share of the total mintage of the coins.

The Mexican Silver Libertad page gives more information about the coins and allows you to compare current prices.

obverse side of the 1989 issue of the proof 1/4 oz Mexican Platinum Libertad coin

Mexican Platinum Libertads

Mexican Platinum Libertad coins were only minted in the year 1989. That year, the Casa de Moneda de México produced 3,500 Platinum Libertads out of 99.9% fine platinum. Mintage was limited to a single denomination of 1/4 oz. These coins were only available with a proof finish. The design of both sides of the coins was identical to the gold and silver version of the Libertad coins that was minted until 1994.

The inscription on the mintmarked obverse side of the coins with the Angel of Independence reads: 1/4 ONZA PLATINO PURO 1989 MEXICO LEY 999.

Mexican Gold Libertad Proof Sets

5-Coin Mexican Gold Libertad proof Set 2015

5 Coin Proof Set since 2009

total gold weight: 1.9 oz

All five Mexican Gold Libertad proof coins (1 oz, 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz, 1/10 oz and 1/20 oz) are included in this limited mintage set along with a numbered certificate of authenticity and a small information booklet. The coins are individually encapsulated and packaged in a wooden presentation box.