The Mexican Mint issues the Gold Libertad coins with brilliant uncirculated and proof finishes. Their design is derived from the historic 50 Peso Gold Centenario coins. The Libertad Gold coins are made of 99.9% pure gold. Unlike most other contemporary gold bullion coins, Mexican Gold Libertads don't have an official face value. Annual mintages are generally quite low compared with other contemporary gold bullion coins.
The coin's obverse side depicts "El Ángel de la Independencia" (eng: The Angel of Independence) with a laurel wreath in her right hand and broken chains in her left. "El Ángel de la Independencia" (a.k.a. "Monumento a la Independencia") is a victory column in downtown Mexico City. The coin's weight, gold purity and year of mintage are engraved along with the word "Mexico" and the official mint mark.
Since the year 2000, the obverse bears a slightly different design in which the angel faces sideways and the engraving of "Mexico" is omitted. The two famous Mexican volcanoes Popocatepetl and Iztaccíhuatl are depicted in both versions in the background.
The coin's reverse side depicts a rendering of Mexico's coat of arms with an eagle perched on top of a prickly pear cactus holding a serpent in its talons and beak. “Estados Unidos Mexicanos” is inscribed along the coin's upper edge. Since 2000, only the 1 oz coin depicts the official Mexican coat of arms surrounded by 10 additional historical coats of arms.
Gold Purity: 99.9%
|Weight||Diameter x Thickness|
|1 oz||34.5 x 2.1 mm|
|1/2 oz||29 x 1.75 mm|
|1/4 oz||23 x 1.4 mm|
|1/10 oz||16 x 1.0 mm|
|1/20 oz||13 x 0.83 mm|
Silver Purity: 99.9%
|Weight||Diameter x Thickness|
|1 kg||110 x 11.5 mm|
|5 oz||65 x 5.4 mm|
|2 oz||48 x 4.5 mm|
|1 oz||40 x 3 mm (since 1996)
36 x 4 mm (until 1995)
|1/2 oz||33 x 2.6 mm|
|1/4 oz||27 x 1.7 mm|
|1/10 oz||20 x 1.4 mm|
|1/20 oz||16 x 1 mm|
Platinum Purity: 99.9%
|Weight||Diameter||1/4 oz||19.35 mm|
The Mexican Mint first produced the Gold Libertad coins for only one year in 1981 in the denominations of 1 oz, 1/2 oz and 1/4 oz. A limited number of proof coins were minted in 1983 and 1989. The 1/10 oz and 1/20 oz coins were added to the series in 1991 when production of brilliant uncirculated Mexican Gold Libertads briefly resumed for a few years. Production of Gold Libertad coins completely ceased between 1995 and 1999.
The Gold Libertad coins made a comeback in the year 2000 with a slightly altered design. Since then, the angel faces sideways on the obverse side and the reverse side of the 1 oz coin depicts the official Mexican coat of arms in the middle of 10 historical coats of arms. Mintage was then again interrupted in 2001 for a last time. The brilliant uncirculated coins are minted without interruption since 2002 in all five denominations.
With the exception of 2012, Mexican Gold Libertad proof coins are made annually for every denomination since 2005 (plus 1.000 coins of 1/4 oz in 2004), albeit in much lower mintages than brilliant uncirculated coins.
By far the largest number of Mexican Gold Libertad coins was minted in 1981. The year with the lowest mintage of Mexican Gold Libertad coins with the original design of the obverse side was 1994 when only 1.000 coins of the 1 oz denomination were produced. The lowest mintage of Mexican Gold Libertads with the new design was 2003. Only 300 coins of 1 oz were minted that year.
Click here to see a table with detailed mintage numbers.
Production of 99.9% fine 1 oz Silver Libertad coins started in 1982 (proof coins since 1983 with the exception of 1984 and 1985). In 1991, coins of 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz, 1/10 oz and 1/20 oz were added (with proof finish since 1992). Larger silver coins of 2 oz and 5 oz are produced since 1996 and 1 kg coins with a proof-like finish since 2002.
The mintage record for 1 oz Silver Libertad coins were the 2,458,000 coins that were struck in 1992. The lowest mintage of the 1 oz coins were the 67,000 coins that were minted in 1998. Fractional Libertad coins were generally minted in much smaller numbers than the 1 oz coins. The lowest mintage were the 3,300 coins of 1/10 oz that were produced in 2012. There were no 1/20 oz Silver Libertad coins minted that same year.
The large 2 oz and 5 oz Silver Libertad coins were usually minted in similar numbers to the fractional coins. The lowest mintage were 2,401 coins of 5 oz in the year 2005.
Proof mintage of Mexican Silver Libertad coins is generally much higher than is common with other bullion coins. In some years and for some denominations, proof mintage even exceeded mintage of brilliant uncirculated coins. The lowest proof mintage of 1 oz Silver Libertads were 500 coins in 1998. That same year also saw the lowest mintage of fractional Silver Libertads (300 coins each of 1/4 oz, 1/10 oz and 1/20 oz). The lowest number of proof 2 oz and 5 oz Silver Libertads were minted in 1999 (280 coins of 2 oz and 100 coins of 5 oz). In 2012, proof Silver Libertads were only minted in the 1 oz denomination (4,200 coins).
In 2015, a 2-coin proof set was issued by the Banco de Mexico exclusively through Apmex. It contains a special reverse proof 1 oz Mexican Silver Libertad coin along with a 'regular' 1 oz proof coin. Only 500 such sets were issued.
Finally, mintage of the proof-like 1 kg Mexican Silver Libertad coins varies between 1,820 coins in 2002 and 400 coins in both 2013 and 2014.
In 1989, the Mexican Mint produced 1/4 oz proof Libertad coins out of 99.9% fine platinum (mintage of 3.500 coins).