The Perth Mint produces the Australian Gold Kangaroo coins out of 99.99% pure gold with a brilliant uncirculated (BU) and proof finish. The Australian Gold Kangaroos are sometimes referred to as Australian Gold Nuggets, since the coins featured gold nuggets on their reverse side during the first few years of production. One special characteristic of the coins is that the design of their reverse side changes every year, always featuring a different kangaroo image. Annual mintages of Australian Gold Kangaroos are quite low compared with those of other gold bullion coins.
The coin's obverse side depicts the British monarch Queen Elizabeth II in profile wearing a royal tiara. The depiction of her majesty is meant to symbolize Australia’s allegiance to the crown and the British Commonwealth. The coin's denomination appears below the royal portrait and her majesty's title and the country’s name are engraved along the left and right edge.
The coin's reverse side depicts an annually changing image of a kangaroo or pair of kangaroos. The animal’s name - “Australian Kangaroo” - appears along the upper edge of the coins and the year of mintage, gold weight and purity are engraved underneath the image. The mint mark P can be seen on the reverse side as well.
Gold Purity: 99.99%
|Weight||Face Value||Diameter x Thickness|
|1 kg||AUD $ 3.000||75.60 x 13.90 mm|
|10 oz||AUD $ 1.000||59.70 x 7.90 mm|
|2 oz||AUD $ 200||40.6 x 4 mm|
|1 oz||AUD $ 100||32.1 x 2.8 mm|
|1/2 oz||AUD $ 50||25.60 x 2.4 mm|
|1/4 oz||AUD $ 25||20.60 x 2 mm|
|1/10 oz||AUD $ 15||16 x 1.5 mm|
|1/20 oz||AUD $ 5||14.1 x 1.4 mm|
|1/2 gram||AUD $ 2||11.6 x 0.70 mm|
Silver Purity: 99.99%
|Weight||Face Value||Diameter x Thickness|
|1 oz||AUD $ 1||40.60 x 2.98 mm|
The Perth Mint first produced Australian Gold Nugget coins in 1986, albeit only as proof coins. From 1987 on, brilliant uncirculated (BU) coins were minted as well in the four different denominations of 1 oz, 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz and 1/10 oz. Each of the four coin denominations had a different gold nugget design on the reverse side. The nugget design of the brilliant uncirculated coins (that had inherited their design from the 1986 proof coins) remained the same until 1989. However, the four proof denominations of 1987 displayed other gold nuggets than in 1986. The gold nugget design of the proof coins was changed once more in 1988.
The 1989 proof edition of the coins was the first with a kangaroo image on the reverse (which was then also used on the 1990 BU coin). The kangaroo design has changed every year since then always featuring a different kangaroo image. The 1/20 oz coin was added in 1990. The three largest denominations of the coins (1 kg, 10 oz and 2 oz) were introduced in 1991. Even though the coins displayed kangaroo images since 1990 (proof coins since 1989), they were still officially labeled as Australian Nugget coins until 2007. Unlike the denominations between 1 oz and 1/20 oz that feature a different kangaroo image on their reverse sides every year, the three larger coins (1 kg, 10 oz, 2 oz) display the same "red kangaroo" design every year.
In 1992, the face value of the 1 kg coin was lowered from AUD $ 10.000 to AUD $ 3.000 whereas the face value of the 10 oz coin was lowered from AUD $ 2.500 to AUD $ 1.000 and the face value of the 2 oz coin from AUD $ 500 to AUD $ 200. The 10 oz and 2 oz gold coins were last minted in 2009 and the 1/20 oz coins in 2011. The 1/2 gram Gold Miniature Kangaroo “Mini Roo” coins were produced in 2014 and 2015.
The official mintages of the various Australian Gold Kangaroo coins were published here by the Perth Mint online.
The mintage record of Australian Gold Kangaroos was in 2013 when 341,417 coins of the 1 oz denomination were sold. Of the other denominations, the 1kg coin is generally produced with the lowest mintages. Only 61 such coins with the Red Kangaroo design were minted in 2002.
2016 is the premier year that sees the popular Australian Kangaroo coins also available in silver. This initial release of Australian Silver Kangaroos out of 99.99 % fine silver is limited to 1 oz coins. The coins have a face value of AUD $ 1.
The Perth Mint issued a special 25th anniversary edition of the coins in 2014. These coins feature the red kangaroo design and are dated 1989 - 2014.
The Perth Mint produced a one tonne Australian Gold Kangaroo coin in October 2011 with a face value of AUD $ 1 million. However, the massive coin bears the date of 2012 when it was issued. It bears the Red Kangaroo design and measures approximately 80 centimeters in diameter and is about 12 centimeters thick.